marinni (marinni) wrote in history_of_art,
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history_of_art

Слоны- история изображений.14-16 век.

Слоны- история изображений.14-16 век.


прислал kalinzar

Путешествия Марко Поло. 1410-1412

After Andrea Mantegna
1470-1500. Триумф Цезаря. by Mantegna
The triumph of Caesar

Часто в миниатюрах и картинках встречаются животные, не похожие ни на кого, художники рисовали их по описаниям путешественников, а они выдумывали, что хотели, проверить и отличить реальность от фантазий и вымыслов было весьма затруднительно. Я уже показывала, как изображали китов- то в виде рыбы, то в виде морского змея.
Со слонами та же история, хотя о них знали со времен античности. Однако на миниатюрах 14-15 веков они похожи то на собак, то на лошадей, а то и на больших свинок-кабанов с хоботом и бивнями. В графике же- совершенно другая картина, я специально подобрала наиболее раннюю, до середины 16 века.




Это пост от 24 Июня,2010. Дело в том, что его недавно перепостил один сайт без ссылок и подписей под картинками, и он так гуляет по интернету. Поскольку картинки редкие, их не было в общем поиске- выкладываю его снова.

==================antique wall paintings==================

--------Слоны -копии с античных изображений---------------


Published by Antoine Lafréry
Plate 2 of a set of three of animals taken from antique wall paintings, with various animals including an elephant, lion and leopard. 1547


-----------------Roman Triumphs---------------



1547-1591


-------------------Слоны в миниатюрах----------------------
======================================================
Эту картинку и самую первую прислал kalinzar, за что ему большое спасибо:

Из книги Винсента из Бове "Зеркало истории"; Гент, ок. 1475 г
Вот эта же миниатюра ("Страна Индия") в более полном виде.


------------------------14 век-------------------

Français 5707, fol. 172, Bataille de Bethzacharia (-162)
paris
Siècle : 14ème siècle
Date : 1362-1363


aris éléphant, hybride, lion
Siècle : 14ème siècle


------------------------15век---------------------------
==========================================================


livre des simples médecines

Français 188, fol. 29, Bataille de Bethzacharia (-162)
15 век

=====================================

belgique
Origine : flandre
Siècle : 15ème siècle

bourgogne
Siècle : 15ème siècle


livre des simples médecines
flandre

Siècle : 15ème siècle

-----------------------15 век-похожие--------------------------


livre des simples médecines 15 век


vers 1480



secrets de l'histoire naturelle
france

Date : vers 1480-1485




------------------Похожие на лошадь----------------


Latin 4915, fol. 128, Bataille du Métaure (-207)


Français 257, fol. 168v, Bataille de l'Hydaspe (-326)
quintus curtius, historiae alexandri magni (trad. vasque de lucène)
1447-1455

Latin 4915, fol. 133v, Bataille de Zama (-202)
johannes de columna, mare historiarum
1447-1455

---------------------

--------------------------------------------

flandre
Siècle : 15ème siècle
Date : 3e quart

Français 20311, fol. 249, Bataille de l'Hydaspe (-326)

--------------Похожие на слонов, но все равно не очень--------
==============================================
-----------------------marco polo-------------


vers 1410-1412
marco polo, devisement du monde









Français 2810, fol. 88, Envoyé(s) mongol(s) en Somalie
vers 1410-1412


Sri Lanka

----------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------

Français 9342, fol. 108, Bataille du Granique (-334)
belgique
Origine : flandre
Siècle : 15ème siècle

Français 9342, fol. 135, Bataille entre Alexandre et Pôros

Français 9342, fol. 149v, Alexandre chassant des éléphants
=================================================

livre des simples médecines
Titre d'usage :
Nom de pays : france
Origine : france.ouest
Siècle : 16ème siècle

И только в поздних картинках они более-менее похожи:

====================триумфы Петрарки==========================
---------------------------------------------------------------

pétrarque, trionfi (trad. simon bourgouin)
Titre d' de pays : france
16ème siècle


Français 223, fol. 160v, Allégorie : Triomphe de la Renommée
15ème-16ème siècle
--------------------------------------------
Такое впечатление, что художники жили на разных планетах и в разной реальности- вот графика того же периода, южная и северная Европа, абсолютно реалистичные гравюры и рисунки, лишь с небольшими неточностями.

========================Графика=================
-------------------------15 век-----------------
===================================================

Print made by Martin Schongauer
Date
1470-1482
The Elephant; in profile to the left, with two men in a crenellated container on its back
Engraving



Print made by Anonymous
Attributed to Francesco Rosselli
Date
1480-1490
The Triumph of Fame


School of/style of Andrea Mantegna
Date
1470-1500



Print made by Alart Du Hameel
1478-1506 (c.)
The war elephant; the animal stands in the centre, turned to the left, carrying a howdah surmounted by a Turkish flag and with warriors


----------------------16 век--------------------------
=======================================================



Circle/School of Martin Schongauer
1500-1550

-----------------------------------------

Print made by Battista Franco
Date
1530-1561

Print made by Battista Franco
Date
1530-1561


вот так представляли с-х работы со слоном в хозяйстве.
Print made by David Kandel a woodcut by an anonymous printmaker showing a farmer ploughing a field with an elephant pulling the plough to right; illustrations to the Latin edition of Sebastian Münster, 'Cosmographia', Basle: Heinrich Petri, 1552. 1550
----------------------------

Georg Pencz
The triumph of fame; the winged figure of Fame blowing two trumpets standing on two elephants at left; the procession with Roman soldiers leading captives through ancient Roman ruins, including the pyramid of Cestius at far left and the head of Constantine and the large Capitoline foot fragment in left foreground; from a series of six engravings. c.1539


Print made by Giulio Bonasone
Date
1531-1576
A children's bacchanale, at left one rides a horse, others an elephant accompanied by a lion.
Engraving



Print made by Cornelis Cort
After Giulio Romano
The battle between Scipio and Hannibal at Zama; a battle rages with footsoldiers, cavalry, pikemen and elephants; the elephants have fortified containers on their backs containing soldiers throwing rocks and archers etc; after Giulio Romano. 1567



After Giulio Romano
1514-1546
The Battle of the Elephants, after Giulio Romano; with wounded lying in the foreground, soldiers on horseback charging beyond and men firing arrows from boxes strapped to the elephants
Pen and brown ink and brown wash



Antonio Fantuzzi
After Rosso Fiorentino
The royal elephant: large elephant with saddlecloth decorated with fleur-de-lys and royal initial, and armorial shield with salamander, emblem of King François I, standing in architectural setting, surrounded by young Jupiter, Neptune and Pluto; on the left, people gathered on a loggia. c.1542/43


Ascribed to Enea Vico
1537-1567
A procession with elephants and marine deities, in two panels
Pen and brown ink, over black chalk

-----------------------------

After Hieronymus Bosch
Attributed to Joannes van Doetecum I
1550-1570
The Large Elephant with a Fantastic Castle on its Back; elephant facing left, surrounded by armed figures and demonic creatures attempting to battle the occupants of the castle on its back
Etching and engraving




Jan Collaert I
After Raphael
1545-1580
The Adoration of the Magi. The Holy Family in a wooden shelter, adored by the three Magi, other figures and animals (e.g. elephant and camels at right; horses at left); lower margin with lettering cut; unsigned; after Raphael
Engraving


Print made by Battista Franco
Date
1530-1560
Four elephants, two with wooden structures on their backs, with a lion and boar
Etching


----------------Геральдика и доспехи--------------------



Print made by Barthel Beham
Formerly attributed to Sebald Beham
Coat-of-arms of Melchior Pfinzing; roundel with an escutcheon with two donkeys; surmounted by two helms with an ass in the left crest and two elephant trunks in the right. c.1530

Print made by Sebald Beham
Coat-of-arms of Sebald Beham; with three empty shields on the escutcheon; the helm closed and to left; the crest two elephant trunks; in a circular frame placed on a cross-hatched hexagon. 1544
Engraving


Print made by Enea Vico trophies with body armour and the head of an elephant. 1553

Print made by Augustin Hirschvogel
Coat of arms of Ladislaus von Edlasperg; escutcheon with two suns and two dragons facing left, surrounded by a dragon; two helms, left crest with feathered winds, r crest with two elephant trunks tied together. 1545

-------------Чучело слона в Венеции---------------------

The Display of the Elephant 1774
Пьетро Лонги
Pierre Longhi

==============================

http://www.britishmuseum.org/
http://www.bnf.fr/fr/acc/x.accueil.html
-------------------------
Tags: 14 век, 15 век, 16 век, графика, тематические подборки
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